Главная » Новости » Проект резолюции по Казахстану, выдвинутый Полом Мёрфи и левой фракцией, принят Европарламентом!

Пол МёрфиПроект резолюции по ситуации с правами человека в Казахстане, который был инициирован депутатом от Социалистической партии Ирландии (КРИ) Полом Мёрфи и поддержанный группой левых депутатов GUE/NGL, был принят в четверг 18 апреля. Результат очень внушительный и даже неожиданный. Так проголосовало: за — 39 депутатов, против – 1 и воздержалось – 2.

Резолюция, подготовленная Полм Мёрфи и нашими товарищами из КРИ 11 апреля, была поддержана и внесена левыми депутатами для обсуждения в Европейском парламенте. Основное большинство положений о репрессиях в отношении оппозиции, свободных СМИ и рабочих активистов Жанаозена, что предлагалось Полом, было принято и другими фракциями.

Безусловно, это решение о принятии резолюции надо считать прогрессивным и существенным шагом в деле оглашения и обсуждения реальной социально-политической ситуации в Казахстане. Так прозвучали фамилии Вадима Курамшина, Владимира Козлова и Розы Тулетаевой, которые были осуждены по политическим мотивам. Депутаты высказались о судьбе осужденных нефтяников, участников массовой и многомесячной забастовки, митинг которых был расстрелян 16 декабря 2011 года в Жанаозене, а затем и в Шетпе 18 декабря.

Заговорили депутаты разных фракций и о зверском убийстве молодого рабочего Александра Боженко в октябре прошлого года, который на суде рассказал о пытках и насилии в отношении него и арестованных рабочих. Парламентарии выразили протест и по поводу запрета оппозиционных СМИ в Казахстане, таких как Голос Республики, Взгляд, Стан ТВ и других. Были высказывания и в отношении нарушений прав профсоюзов в Казахстане, и ситуация  с правами рабочих.

Все это безоговорочно поддерживается всеми нашими товарищами и Полом Мёрфи. Однако в последний момент представители правых и консервативных групп внесли ряд своих поправок, которые вызывают со стороны КРИ серьезную озабоченность и неприятие. Так, в частности, были внесены три тезиса, с которыми социалисты явно не согласны и не могут солидаризироваться.

Первое – это то, что якобы правительство Казахстана пытается исправить положение в области соблюдения прав человека в лучшую сторону. Как мы видим, все последние события говорят лишь об обратном. По всем фронтам идет наступление на права трудящихся в вопросах создания собственных профсоюзов, организации и проведения забастовок и мирных собраний, закрыты все оппозиционные СМИ, оппозиционеры привлекаются к уголовной и административной ответственности, а парламент разрешил применение оружия полиции для подавления мирных митингов.

Второе – это то, что ЕС признает Казахстан важным стратегическим партнером в Центральной Азии в деле продвижения экономических и военных интересов НАТО. Подобный пункт, предложенный европейскими правыми, явно показывает империалистические интересы и задачи руководства ведущих стран ЕС в Центральной Азии и является неприемлемым для левых.

В третьих, ряд правых депутатов заинтересованы в открытии в Казахстане международного банка ядерных отходов, что также не может быть принято КРИ и левыми зелеными, так как явно нарушает принципы защиты экологии от интересов хищных корпораций, намеренных превратить РК в свалку.

Самого Пола Мёрфи не было в день голосования 18 апреля, где обсуждалась его резолюция, но он бы воздержался от принятия подобных пунктов, которые явно и резко меняли характер документа.

Тем не менее, вклад в деле развития кампании по поддержке политических заключенных Казахстана и рабочих Жанаозена со стороны  Пола Мёрфи и левых депутатов Европарламента неоспорим. Более того, мероприятия и акции, направленные на максимальное распространение информации о ситуации в Казахстане и в деле помощи рабочему движению Казахстана будут продолжены.

Пол Мёрфи сделал специальное письменное и видео заявления, где выразил свою позицию и мнение о политических процессах, протекающих в Казахстане, и заявил о продолжении борьбы за освобождение осужденных нефтяников, политических заключенных и против европейских компаний и политиков, нещадно выколачивающих прибыли из трудящихся нашей страны и поддерживающих режим Назарбаева.

Текст специального заявления Пола Мёрфи на русском языке и видеоролик, вы можете посмотреть на нашем сайте пройдя по следующей ссылке: http://socialismkz.info/?p=7684

Мы также публикуем окончательный вариант резолюции, который и был принят на заседании в Европарламенте 18 апреля.

 

DRAFT JOINT MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION

with request for inclusion in the agenda for the debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law

pursuant to Rule 122 of the Rules of Procedure

on the human rights situation in Kazakhstan

…..{PPE}on behalf of the EPP Group

{S&D}on behalf of the S&D Group

{ALDE}on behalf of the ALDE Group

{VERT}on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

— {ECR}on behalf of the ECR Group

on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group

B7-00../2013

on the human rights situation in Kazakhstan

The European Parliament

— having regard to its previous resolutions on Kazakhstan, including its resolution of 15 March 2012 on Kazakhstan[1], its resolution of 15 December 2011 on the state of implementation of the EU Strategy for Central Asia[2] and its resolution of 17 September 2009 on the case of Yevgeni Zhotis in Kazakhstan[3];

— having regard to its reports of 22 November 2012 containing the European Parliament’s recommendations to the Council, the Commission and the European External Action Service on the negotiations for an EU-Kazakhstan enhanced partnership and cooperation agreement (2012/2153(INI));

— having regard to the statement by the spokesperson of High Representative Catherine Ashton on the trial of Vladimir Kozlov in Kazakhstan, from 9 October 2012 and her statement on parliamentary elections in Kazakhstan from 17 January 2012;

— having regard to the legal opinion of the International Commission of Jurists of 13 February 2013 on the Disciplinary proceedings against lawyers in Kazakhstan;

— having regard to the statement on the media situation in Kazakhstan by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media of 25 January 2012,

— having regard to the statement on the clampdown on Kazakh opposition by the Director of the OSCE’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of 1 February 2012,

— having regards to the statement of International Partnerships of Human Rights of 20 March 2013 on «Overview of Human Rights concerns in Kazakhstan»;

— having regard to Art 122 of its Rules of Procedures;

A) whereas on 21 December 2012, after a lawsuit introduced on 20 November 2012 by Kazakhstan’s Prosecutor General, the Almaty District Court banned the unregistered opposition party «Alga!» on charges of extremism; whereas the ban makes personally liable Alyia Turusbekova, wife of Vladimir Kozlov;

B) whereas on 25 December 2012 a number of opposition media outlets, including eight Kazakh newspapers and 23 news web portals were banned, on charges of extremism classified by the prosecutor as «one unified media outlet Respublika»; whereas this decision was confirmed by the Court of Appeal on 22 February 2013 with the effect that affected journalists were banned from exercising their profession;

C) whereas Kazakhstan is an important international actor and of utmost importance for the political and socio-economic development as well as the security situation of the whole region; whereas Kazakhstan has played a positive role in Central Asia, making efforts to develop good neighbourly relations with bordering countries, resume regional cooperation and resolve all bilateral issues by peaceful means; whereas the EU has a vital interest in the intensification of the political, economic and security cooperation with that region via a strong and open EU-Kazakhstan relationship;

D) whereas Kazakhstan has long limited key civil and political rights, such as freedom of assembly, expression and religion ; whereas over the last two years, there has been a decline in respect for fundamental freedoms, and in 2012, following the Zhanaozen violence in December 2011, an overt crackdown on government critics;

E) whereas during recent months, several opposition leaders, human rights defenders, journalists and civil society actors have been subject of harassment and legal prosecutions leading in several cases to prison sentences;

F) whereas on 13 March 2013, the Court of Cassation refused to grant appeal in the case of Vladimir Kozlov, who was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison and confiscation of property on charges of ‘inciting social discord’, ‘calling for the forcible overthrow of the constitutional order’ and ‘creating and leading an organised group with the aim of committing crimes’; whereas Vladimir Kozlov is currently filing an appeal to the Supreme Court as the last instance for appeal in his case;

G) whereas on 7 December 2012 the human rights defender Vadim Kuramshin was sentenced to 12 years in prison for blackmailing the district attorney’s assistant; whereas the sentence was confirmed by the Appeal Court on 14 February 2013; whereas Mr Kurashim’s re-arrest took place after returning from OSCE conference in September in Warsaw and came after his release from a previous trial in August 2012;

H) whereas the Kazak government is considering to start work on a new National Human Rights Action plan for 2013-2020;

I) whereas the Kazakh authorities established a working group under the Prosecutor General to reform the Criminal Code; whereas on 15th-16th March 2013 a roundtable on the «Reform of the Criminal Code of Kazakhstan based on the principles of rule of law», was organised in which a delegation of the Venice Commission participated to advise on the reform; whereas the European Parliament has urged the Kazkah authorities to bring its criminal law in line with international standards including the reform of Art. 164 on ‘inciting social discord’;

J) whereas Kazakh authorities have repeatedly used the charge of “inciting social discord,” a vague and overbroad charge that can be used to criminalize legitimate exercise of the rights to freedom of expression and association as protected under international human rights law;

K) whereas the Republic of Kazakhstan’s three year term as member of the UNHRC (United Nations Human Rights’ Council) took effect on 1 January 2013;

L) whereas Kazakhstan as a member of the OSCE, of which it held the chairmanship in 2010, has committed itself to respect and to implement the fundamental principles of this organisation;

M) whereas defamation remains criminalised and whereas the law on the Introduction of Changes and Additions to the legislation about Informational-Communicative networks of 10 July 2009, equates internet resources (websites, chat rooms, blogs, discussion forums) with mass media outlets and made them and their owners liable for the same offences;

N) whereas end of November 2012, the HR/VP Lady Ashton travelled to Central Asia and visited Kazakhstan while the legal banning of the opposition and the media outlets was going on; whereas the HR/VP Ashton did not issue a statement on the ban of media and opposition;

O) whereas in July 2012 the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, following her two-day visit to Kazakhstan, called on the authorities to authorise an independent international investigation into the events of Zhanaozen, their causes and their aftermath;

1) Stresses the importance of the relations between the EU and Kazakhstan and strengthening the economic and political cooperation in all areas; highlights the great interest the EU has in a sustainable relationship with Kazakhstan in terms of political and economic cooperation;

2) Strongly criticises the Court decision to ban opposition parties on charges of extremism, including the unregistered opposition party «Alga!», and key independent media actors which violates the principles of freedom of expression and assembly and raises great concerns with regards to subsequent repression of independent media and opposition;

3) Calls on the authorities to respect principles and commitments of the OSCE standards on freedom of expression, of assembly and association; encourages Kazakhstan to view criticisms not as a threat but as a constructive tool to improve policies and inclusiveness;

4) Stresses that Mrs Turusbekova cannot be held responsible for action of third persons;

5) Calls on the EU and on Member States to seek guarantees that protect journalists, opposition activist and human rights defender and their families, in particular those visiting the EU institutions to discuss human rights issues, against any kind of subsequent personal threats, pressures or prosecution;

6) Reiterates its concern over the detentions of opposition leaders, journalists and lawyers on the basis of trials which fall short of international standards and reaffirms its call to release all persons convicted on the basis of vague criminal charges which could be considered as politically motivated, including among others Mr Vladimir Kozlov, Mr Vadim Kurashim and Mrs Roza Tuletaeva; expresses its concern with regards to the fairness of trials and reiterates its call to guarantee transparency and international standards in trials, to end convictions carried out on the basis of these vague criminal charges and to uphold the independency of the judiciary;

7) Calls on the Kazakh authorities to guarantee detention conditions according to international standards and to allow adequate medical treatment for all prisoners, including for opposition leader Vladimir Kozlov; calls for a full implementation of improvements included in the recent reform of the prison system and for further improvement to fulfil international standards;

8) Strongly underlines that the legitimate fight against terrorism and extremism should not be used as an excuse to ban opposition activity, hinder freedom of expression or hamper the independency of the judiciary;

9) Outlines that Kazakhstan is an increasingly important international partner in the region, whether it is with regard to cooperation with NATO, the support for the E3+3 talks with Iran or the establishment of an international fuel bank in Kazakhstan; welcomes Kazakhstan’s ambition to engage actively as a mediator/facilitator in international security issues concerning the wider region; urges the Kazak authorities to respect the international commitments they have signed up to, including the rule of law and the independency of judiciary;

10) Calls on Kazakhstan to create a climate where opposition activists, journalists and lawyers can freely exercise their activities including by necessary legal reforms; stresses the EU’s commitment to support Kazakhstan in this work;

11) Calls on Kazakhstan to review its legislation on religion and ease requirements on the registration and practice of religion;

12) Stresses the importance of respecting and promoting the rights of workers to form independent labour unions, conduct strikes, and collectively bargain with employers, in accordance with Kazakhstan’s obligations under international human rights law;

13) Welcomes the dialogue with the delegation of the Venice Commission for the new Code of criminal procedure and encourages further collaboration with the Venice Commission in order to draw profit to the maximum possible extent from the experience of the Commission; stresses that the reform should aim at the strengthening of the independency of the judiciary and of the rule of law and fulfil international standards; reaffirms its call to reform article 164 on «inciting social discord» and calls on the EEAS to follow closely the reform and the content of the new law;

14) Reaffirms its call on the Kazakh authorities to follow through with enforcement of the existing Human Rights Action plan drawing on the recommendation of the Venice Commission and making use of EU technical assistance under the Rue of Law initiative; encourages and supports Kazakhstan in its work to develop a new Human Rights Action plan for 2013-2020; calls on the Kazakhstani authorities to collaborate with NGOs;

15) Welcomes the regular EU-Kazakhstan human rights dialogues; underlines the importance of human rights dialogues between the EU and Kazakh authorities and welcomes the constructive approach of the Kazakh counterparts; calls for a strengthening of the dialogues to establish a forum where issues can be openly addressed; stresses that the dialogues should be effective and result-oriented and involve where possible civil society actors;

16) Welcomes the programmes by the Kazakh government for international student exchanges; underlines the fundamental impact these stays abroad have for the democratic education of Kazakh students; welcomes the support offered by the Kazakh authorities to these students at their return;

17) Calls on the EU and in particular the EEAS to closely monitor the developments in Kazakhstan, to raise concerns with the Kazakh authorities where necessary, to offer assistance and to report regularly to the European Parliament; calls also on the EU delegation in Astana to play a more pro-active role in monitoring the situation, including the observation of trials, visits in prison;

18) Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the European External Action Service, the EU Special Representative for Human Rights, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the UN Human Rights Council and the government and parliament of Kazakhstan;

[1]P7_TA-PROV(2012)0089

[2]P7_TA(2011)0588

[3]P7_TA(2009)0023

Комментариев пока нет... Будьте первым!

Оставить комментарий


− 2 = два